The plant is not self-fertile. Chinese Yam. Dioscorea est un genre de plantes de la famille des Dioscoreaceae. China. Division in the dormant season, never when in growth[1]. It is a perennial climber growing to 3 m. The plant prefers sandy, loamy and clay soils and requires well-drained soil. A member Dioscorea deltoidea is a perennial Climber found in areas such as E. Asia - Himalayas from Kashmir and Punjab eastwards to Nepal and China. should be harvested only after three years to get the optimum yield from the crop with the maximum diosgenin content. Plants of the genus Dioscorea, commonly called medicinal yams, are perennial, climbing herbs with tubers or rhizomes. After the organic solvent was selected via a two-factor experiment the optimization via Latin Square 4 × 4 experimental design was carried out for the following parameters: extraction time, … If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected] They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Fig 1 - 5 only. Dioscorea dumetorum, the bitter yam, is common as a vegetable in parts of West Africa; one reason being that their cultivation requires less labor than other yams. Dioscorea Dioscorea bulbifera 7. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Dioscorea Dioscorea bulbifera 7. Cultivation and Propagation: Dioscorea sylvatica responds well to cultivation and makes an easy and wonderfully unusual houseplant. 8. Commercial cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) could be a viable option as ... (Dioscorea deltoidea), raicilla (Cephaelis ipecacuanha) are some understory herbs and shrubs that can be produced as part of forest farming or in new forest plantations to improve economic returns from forests in India. 3. Due to their relative ease of cultivation as well as their good flavor they’re thought to have got a great possibility of elevated production (Kay 1987). D. deltoidea. Dioscorea tomentosa - Muséum de Toulouse. The roots of this species contain an average of 4.8% diosgenin[240]. The total volume of the fermenter (cultivator) was 1.2 l, the initial working volume was 0.8 1. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). But their usefulness has led to exploitation; the plants described are all endangered. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. Also found in U.A.S. We will not sell or share your email address. The . Diosgenin is obtained from dried tubers of Dioscorea deltoidea (Family- Diascoreaceae). BOX 1 Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Contraceptive  Miscellany  ParasiticideThe juice of the root tuber istaken in the evening in the treatment of roundworm[272]. It requires moist soil. Cultivation and Collection . The effect of initial pH of the culture medium (pH i) on growth, changes in pH of culture medium (pH c) and respiration of Dioscorea deltoidea cells was studied in cycle of batch cultivation. Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). The cultivation was carried out simulta- neously in five laboratory V-fermenters (bubble aeration type fermenters) as de- scribed previously [8,19,20]. A slightly bitter flavour, it is usually boiled with some wood ash in order to remove the bitterness[272]. The database and code is licensed under a Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Plants even five to ten years old are extremely nice. Samant et The emulsion of this plant in water is an integral part for making gripe water used to improve digestion and to control vomiting in children. 2. Cultivation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India - a Commercial Approach ... Dioscorea deltoidea). It comprises ca. Basal stem cuttings in the summer[37]. Miscellany  Parasiticide  SoapA soap is obtained from the tuber[145]. How To Grow Dioscorea From Seeds. It is named by the monk Charles Plumier after the ancient Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Seed - sow March to April in a sunny position in a warm greenhouse and only just cover. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. De nombreuses espèces à tubercule comestible sont appelées « igname ». D.dumetorum. It requires moist soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Cultivation Details Plants grow best in lowland tropical areas with a temperature around 26 - 34°c; a well-defined dry season of 2 - 5 months; and a total rainfall of 1,300 - 1,700mm evenly distributed throughout the remainder of the year[ 35(3): 207-212. * Important announcements and news Dioscorea Dioscorea composita 6. This yam is said by Seemann, at Viti, never to flower or fruit. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Dioscorea deltoidea, in the neighborhood of its procurement place-Dachigam National Park, Kashmir. The cost of cultivation is, however, much less during the second year. Light or sandy soils require heavy irrigation and fertilization whereas heavy clay soils restrict tuber growth and harvest and often create water-logging. Chinese Potato. It is cultivated for its edible root in India[2]. Local people in the Himalayan region use a wide range of wild and non-cultivated edible plants (WNEPs) for food, spice, medicinal, and cultural purposes. Drapeau D, Blanch HW, Wilke CR (1986a) Growth kinetics of Dioscorea deltoidea and Catharanthu.s roseus in batch culture. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Medicinal and aromatic crops are generally adapted to a wide range of soil texture and pH. Dioscorea alata Linn. 1. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. It is also used to alleviate constipation[272]. Habitat: Climber. It is in flower from September to October. Cultivation of high-value herbal species as alternative cash crops by local communities, has potential however as an alternative channel of supply. Dioscorea deltoidea is a Perennial Climber up to 3.00 metres tall. The diosegnin content of the tubers tends to increase, on an average, from 2.5-3.0% in the first year to 3.0-3.5% in the second year. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. it is mainly found growing in North Western Himalayas from Kashmir and Punjab to Nepal and China.Also found in U.A.S. The composition of … Cultivation. It can grow in semishade or no shade. We are currently updating this section. These are used as contraceptives and in the treatment of various disorders of the genitary organs as well as in a host of other diseases such as asthma and arthritis[222]. World Checklist of Dioscoreales. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. 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