It was designed in 1901 by architect José Grases Riera (1850–1919), built of stone and bronze from 1902 to 1922, and inaugurated on July 3rd, 1922.The sculptures were made by 22 artists. Due to the fact that his mother was pregnant at the time of his father's unexpected death, the infant became the King of Spain at the moment he was born. Alfonso was born in Madrid on May 17, 1886, 6 months after the death of his father, King Alfonso XII. As having Alfonso in Spain would be a problem, Cánovas became responsible for his education. Great opportunity. Initially led by Canovas del Castillo as moderate prime minister, what was thought at one time as a coup aimed at placing the military in the political-administrative positions of power, in reality ushered in a civilian regime that lasted until Primo de Rivera's 1923 coup d'état. This unrest led to the creation of a group in favor of the Bourbon restoration, made by some sectors of the conservatives led by Canovas del Castillo. Little King Alfonso XII was Queen Isabella of Spain's second child and only son. Pronunciation of King Alfonso XII with 1 audio pronunciation and more for King Alfonso XII. King Alfonso XII of Spain, son of Isabella II and possibly her husband, Francis, the Duke of Cadiz. Much like in Britain, which subtracted itself from the liberal constitutional process, Spanish conservatives wanted to continue with the Traditional Spanish Organic Laws such as the Fuero Juzgo, the Novísima Recopilación and the Partidas of Alfonso X. 1897 Spanish Possessions Philippines "King Alfonso XII"15c on15c Scott# 188 Used. Alfonso XII died very young from tuberculosis. King of Spain, born on 28 November 1857, at the Palacio Real in Madrid, and died before the age of twenty-eight years, victim of tuberculosis, on November 25, 1885. Monument to King Alfonso XII. Alfonso XII of Spain . Isabella abdicated her rights in his favour in June 1870, but it was not until four years later (December 29, 1874) that Alfonso was proclaimed king of Spain. Reales Alcázares Suite The Reales Alcázares Suite is inspired in the romance between María de Padilla and King Pedro I of Castile. The Restaurationist constitution of 1876 was expected to bring endemic antagonism between military and civilian powers to an end. King Alfonso XIII was born on May 17, 1886. Coming to the throne at such an early age Alfonso had served no apprenticeship in the art of ruling. Alfonso XIII of Spain was born on 17 May 1886, in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain, as the posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain. On 1 December 1874, Alfonso issued the Sandhurst Manifesto, where he set the ideological basis of the Bourbon Restoration. During the honeymoon, a pastry cook named Otero fired at the young sovereign and his wife as they were driving in Madrid.[2]. He was the only son of Queen Isabella II; although his father was officially Isabella's husband, King Francis, many speculate that Alfonso was actually the son of a captain of the guard. Your King Alfonso Xiii stock images are ready. Edward VII, Wilhelm I and Carlos I can be seen amongst others. Spain Higgins & Gage, Scott 9 5c King Alfonso XII Postal Card. He received his education at the Theresianum in Vienna and at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, England. English: This monument to king Alfonso XII of Spain (1857–1885) is in Retiro Park (Jardines del Buen Retiro) in Madrid (Spain). Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1886-1941), who was bor… $5.00 + $1.00 shipping . When Queen Isabella and her husband were forced to leave Spain by the Revolution of 1868, Alfonso accompanied them to Paris. Alfonso was born at Royal Palace of Madrid in Madrid on 17 May 1886. Alfonso does not much resemble Francis, but Alfonso's son, King Alfonso XIII, does look like his grandfather, Duke Francis. The Spanish Flu subsequently became front page news in 1918 – … He assumed the title of Alfonso XII, for although no King of united Spain had borne the name "Alfonso XI", … Dive Under The Hood Of King Alfonso XIII's 1911 Hispano-Suiza Type 45CR When the automobile started taking the world by storm, it was pretty much a … Cánovas was the real architect of the new regime of the Restoration. King Alfonso XIII 1887 Twenty Peseta Gold Coin The portrait definitive Spanish stamps of 1889 to 1930 follow the development of King Alfonso XIII from infancy through adulthood. The first act of President Estanislao Figueras was to extend the Abolition Act to Puerto Rico. His mother was the king’s second wife, Maria Christina of Austria. Corrections? Paypal accepted or Bank transfer. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. Alfonso was monarch from birth as his father, Alfonso XII, had died the previous year. [2], A young Alfonso with his mentor, the Duke of Sesto. How to say King Alfonso XII in English? His troubled reign was characterized by violent class conflict, political instability, and dictatorship. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This led to the third cause of instability of note, the "Independence of the American Kingdoms", recognized between 1823 and 1850. By 1872, the Third Carlist War erupted. Madrid. Within a few days after Canovas del Castillo took power as Premier, the new king, proclaimed on 29 December 1874, arrived at Madrid, passing through Barcelona and Valencia and was acclaimed everywhere (1875). King of España (1857-1885). In addition, within the context of the post-Napoleonic restorations and revolutions which engulfed the West both in Europe and the Americas, both the Carlistas and the Isabelino conservatives were opposed to the new Napoleonic constitutional system. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Alfonso surrounded by other European monarchs, princes, and princesses at Homburg Castle in 1883. Benevolent and sympathetic in disposition, he won the affection of his people by fearlessly visiting districts ravaged by cholera or devastated by earthquake in 1885. Turnismo would be endorsed in the Constitution of 1876 and the Pact of Pardo Palace (1885). Attempts on the king’s life (October 1878 and December 1879) and a military pronunciamiento against the regime (1883) were not indicative of any general discontent with the restored monarchy; on the contrary, Alfonso enjoyed considerable popularity, and his early death from tuberculosis was a great disappointment to those who looked forward to a constitutional monarchy in Spain. It was decided that Alfonso’s widow Maria Christina would rule as regent until the child was born. But the republicans were not in agreement either, and they had to contend with the War in Cuba, and Muslim uprisings in Spanish Morocco. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Biography of Alfonso XII. Because his father died before he was born he was considered King of Spain from the moment he was born. He assumed the name Alfonso XII, for although no king of united Spain had borne the name "Alfonso XI", the Spanish monarchy was regarded as continuous with the more ancient monarchy represented by the 11 kings of Asturias, León and Castile also named Alfonso. Alfonso's mother, Maria Christina of Austria, served as regent until he assumed full powers on his sixteenth birthday in 1902. From there, he was sent to the Theresianum at Vienna to continue his studies. He had been suffering from tuberculosis, but the immediate cause of his death was a recurrence of dysentery.[3]. Alfonso's biological paternity is uncertain: there is speculation that his biological father may have been Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans (a captain of the guard). Although politically inexperienced, Alfonso XII demonstrated great natural tact and sound judgment, qualities that gave rise to hope that the monarchy would not suffer if the constitution enacted in 1876 were fully implemented. In addition, the Convention of Zanjón established peace in Cuba after the Ten Years’ War. King Alfonso XII (1857-1885) reigned in Spain from 1874 until his death in 1885. The statue of the king cast in bronze in 1904 waited until 1922 for the monument to be opened. Alfonso XIII was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931. The two most urgent problems—ending the civil war unleashed by the Carlists, the partisans of the successors to the Spanish throne in the male line, and drafting the constitution—were both settled in 1876. He returned to his country early in January of the following year. Cuba and Puerto Rico prospered to the point that Spain's first train was between Havana and Camagüey, and the first telegraph in Latin America was in Puerto Rico, established by Samuel Morse, whose daughter lived there with her husband. The new road map, which indeed ended the eternal crisis begun in 1810 was called 'Alfonsismo', and the moderate centrist Cánovas del Castillo became the spokesman. Felipe V was King of Spain from November 1, 1700 to his abdication in favour of his son Luis on January 14, 1724, and from his reaccession of the throne upon his son’s death, September 6, 1724 to his own death on July 9, 1746. Alfonso XIII (1886-1941) was king of Spain from 1886 to 1931. 2. Perhaps few people know that King Alfonso XIII tried with all his strength to rescue the Russian sovereigns. In order to eliminate one of the problems of the reign of Isabel II, the single party and its destabilizing consequences, the Liberal Party was allowed to incorporate and participate in national politics, and the 'turnismo' or alternation was to become the new system. Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 – 25 November 1885), also known as El Pacificador or the Peacemaker, was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885. On 25 June 1870, he was recalled to Paris, where his mother abdicated in his favour, in the presence of a number of Spanish nobles who had tied their fortunes to that of the exiled queen. Following Amadeo's abandonment in 1873, Parliament established the Federal Republic (including the territories of Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Pacific Archipelagos). This led to the end of the Carlist revolts and the victory over the New York-backed Cuban revolutionaries, and led to a huge backing both by insular and peninsular Spaniards of Alfonso as a wise and able king. During his short reign, peace was established both at home and abroad, finances were well regulated, and the various administrative services were placed on a basis that afterwards enabled Spain to pass through the disastrous war with the United States without the threat of a revolution. Parque del Retiro. In January 1878 Alfonso married María de las Mercedes, daughter of the duc de Montpensier. [2], King Alfonso XII and Queen Maria Christina with their daughter Mercedes in 1880, On 29 November 1879 at the Basilica of Atocha in Madrid, Alfonso married a much more distant relative, Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria. He sent Alfonso to the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in England, where the training Alfonso received was severe but more cosmopolitan than in Spain, given the current atmosphere. His capacity for dealing with men was considerable, and he never allowed himself to become the instrument of any particular party. Upon the consequent resignation of Canovas del Castillo, he summoned Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, the Liberal leader, to form a new cabinet. "Not Singing For Her Supper!" Spanish 1882, King Alfonso XII, full set, used, in good condition. Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 – 25 November 1885), also known as El Pacificador or the Peacemaker, was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885. Alfonso's short reign established the foundations for the final socioeconomic recuperation of Spain after the 1808–1874 crisis. [1] These rumours were used as political propaganda against Alfonso by the Carlists. The supporters of the Count of Molina as king of Spain rose to have him enthroned. [2], Political background, early life and paternity, Juan Sisinio Pérez Garzón, Isabel II: Los Espejos de la Reina (2004), Articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Grand Masters of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Grand Masters of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint-Charles, Collars of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Masters of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegild, Recipients of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, Grand Crosses of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegild, Recipients of the Royal Order of Kamehameha I, Graduates of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Burials in the Pantheon of Kings at El Escorial, "Chevaliers de la Toisón d'Or - Knights of the Golden Fleece", http://www.antiquesatoz.com/sgfleece/knights6.htm, https://books.google.com/books?id=UPMxe-rjK0oC&pg=PA8, https://books.google.com/books?id=glw-AQAAIAAJ, "Grand Crosses of the Order of the Tower and Sword", https://geneall.net/en/title/25080/grand-crosses-of-the-order-of-the-tower-and-sword/, Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach, http://runeberg.org/statskal/1881/0404.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Alfonso_XII_of_Spain?oldid=4973353, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Alfonso photographed in uniform in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, 1884, Alfonso Sanz y Martínez de Arizala (28 January 1880, in Madrid – 1970), married in 1922 to María de Guadalupe de Limantour y Mariscal. His mother was the former Queen of Spain and his father was the deceased King Alfonso XII. $5.00. From there, he was sent to the Theresianum in Vienna to continue his studies. On 25 June 1870, he was recalled to Paris, where his mother abdicated in his favour, in the presence of a number of Spanish nobles who had tied their fortunes to those of the exiled queen. Updates? Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. He grew up in and around Spain with his mother (she was an Austrian Princess) and his two sisters. For most of Alfonso’s reign Spain enjoyed an unaccustomed tranquillity. On November 25, 1885, three days before his 28th birthday, King Alfonso XII died from tuberculosis at the Royal Palace of El Pardo in Madrid, leaving two daughters and his queen pregnant with her third child. Just after he was born, he was carried naked to the Spanish prime minister Práxedes Mateo on a silver tray. On 23 January 1878 at the Basilica of Atocha in Madrid, Alfonso married his first cousin, Princess Maria de las Mercedes, but she died within six months of the marriage. Home; Books; Search; Support. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alfonso-XII, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Alfonso XII. He was the posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, who had died in November 1885, and became King of Spain upon his birth. Cuban slaves would have to wait until 1889. The Royal Suite at Hotel Alfonso XIII is the most opulent suite in Seville, featuring restored antiques and over 200 square meters of space. His troubled reign was characterized by violent class conflict, political instability, and dictatorship. In the midst of the crisis during and after the First Spanish Republic, the Carlist party made itself strong in areas with claims over their national and institutional specificity, such as Catalonia or the Basque districts. It meant that liberal and conservative prime ministers would succeed each other ending thus the troubles. Both European (the coastal regions, such as the Basque Country, Catalonia, and Asturias) and Overseas – Antilles and Pacific were able to grow steadily. She died six months later, and the following year the king married a daughter of the archduke Charles Ferdinand of Austria, María Cristina, by whom he had two daughters and a son, who became Alfonso XIII. Alfonso XII, 1857–85, king of Spain (1874–85), son of Isabella II Isabella II, 1830–1904, queen of Spain (1833–68), daughter of Ferdinand VII and of Maria Christina. [2] The 29 December 1874 military coup of Gen. Martinez Campos in Sagunto ended the failed republic and meant the rise of the young Prince Alfonso. His mother's accession created the second cause of instability, which was the Carlist Wars. In 1902, his widow Maria Cristina initiated a national contest to build a monument in memory of Alfonso. In 1876, a vigorous campaign against the Carlists, in which the young king took part, resulted in the defeat of Don Carlos and the Duke's abandonment of the struggle.[2]. Alfonso XII, (born November 28, 1857, Madrid, Spain—died November 25, 1885, Madrid), Spanish king whose short reign (1874–85) gave rise to hopes for … Alfonso XIII, (born May 17, 1886, Madrid, Spain—died February 28, 1941, Rome, Italy), Spanish king (1902–31) who by authorizing a military dictatorship hastened his own deposition by advocates of the Second Republic. Shipping is £1 ordinary mail in UK, and £2 ordinary mail abroad or £6 registered abroad. It was drafted in reply to a birthday greeting from his followers, a manifesto proclaiming himself the sole representative of the Spanish monarchy. Anarchist attack on the King of Spain Alfonso XIII (1906).jpg 1,000 × 787; 203 KB Atentado durante la boda de Alfonso XIII y Victoria Eugenia de Battenberg.jpg 1,236 × 698; 161 KB Atentado en la calle Mayor..jpg 496 × 390; 44 KB Check out my other items! Spain, exhausted by the carlist wars, was grateful to him for this, too. The pattern of political life was determined by Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, Alfonso’s prime minister from 1875 to 1881 and again from 1884 to 1885. Alfonso was born in Madrid as the eldest son of Queen Isabella II. Her u The Prince of Asturias, Alfonso, was the person chosen to develop the new road map proposed by Canovas, which led to the June 1870 abdication of Queen Isabel II in favour of her son Prince Alfonso. NOW 50% OFF! Monarch of Spain. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. Home; Books; Search; Support. See more ideas about spain, princess victoria, spanish royalty. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Alfonso XII, who died of tuberculosis young at 28, is considered a good monarch in Spain due to the fact that the civil wars of the XIX century stopped during his reign. Commissioned by the King of Spain to play host to international dignitaries during the 1929 Exhibition, Hotel Alfonso XIII, a Luxury Collection Hotel remains an iconic cultural landmark, centrally located in the historic quarter of Santa Cruz, next to Reales Alcázares and Seville Cathedral. To date, he is the last monarch of Spain to have died whilst on the throne. The youth of Prince Alfonso who would become King Alfonso XII of Spain after Queen Isabel II abdication, centered in his love for his cousin María de las Mercedes. Free shipping . His father’s death in 1885 made him the King of Spain upon his birth. After the failure of the First Spanish Republic in 1873, a conservative seizure of power led to the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy with the ascendance of Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1857–1885)to the throne. The Spanish monarch King Alfonso XIII was one of the first victims of the pandemic. Alfonso XIII (1886-1941) was king of Spain from 1886 to 1931. The new system entailed a commitment between the monarch and two political parties (Conservatives and Liberals). Apr 2, 2013 - The posthumous son of King Alfonso XII and Queen Maria Christina of Spain / Married Princess Victoria Eugenie "Ena" of Battenberg / Grandfather to the current King of Spain, Juan Carlos I. Officially, his father was her husband, Infante Francis. Omissions? Alfonso died aged 27 in 1885, and was succeeded by his unborn son, who became Alfonso XIII on his birth the following year. Upon the American invasion of Puerto Rico, ten US dollars were needed to buy one Puerto Rican peso. Alfonso had two sons by Elena Armanda Nicolasa Sanz y Martínez de Arizala (15 December 1849, in Castellón de la Plana – 24 December 1898, in Paris): In 1881 Alfonso refused to sanction a law by which the ministers were to remain in office for a fixed term of 18 months. The eldest surviving son of Queen Isabella II and, presumably, her consort, the duque de Cádiz, Alfonso accompanied his mother into exile following her deposition by the revolution of September 1868. The winning design, by José Grases Riera, was erected in an artificial lake in Madrid's Parque del Buen Retiro in 1922. [2], In November 1885, Alfonso died, just short of his 28th birthday, at the Royal Palace of El Pardo near Madrid. After a revolution that deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. Alfonso XII, (born November 28, 1857, Madrid, Spain—died November 25, 1885, Madrid), Spanish king whose short reign (1874–85) gave rise to hopes for a stable constitutional monarchy in Spain. Thereupon the President resigned, and his power was transferred to the king's plenipotentiary and adviser, Antonio Cánovas. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word king alfonso xii: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "king alfonso xii" is defined. The sum of his two reigns, 45 years and 21 days, is the longest in modern Spanish history. Descendant of the cadet branch of the Bourbons, he became king by acclamation and not by right of descent. When Queen Isabella II and her husband were forced to leave Spain by the Revolution of 1868, Alfonso accompanied them to Paris. At the end of 1874, Brigadier Martínez Campos, who had long been working more or less openly for the king, led some battalions of the central army to Sagunto, rallied to his own flag the troops sent against him, and entered Valencia in the king's name. SPAIN # 242 - 251 * KING ALFONSO XII * $4.99 0 bids + $1.50 shipping . His mother abdicated in his favour in 1870, and he returned to Spain as king in 1874 following a military coup against the First Republic. Alfonso was born in Madrid on May 17, 1886, 6 months after the death of his father, King Alfonso XII.